This blog is an initiative of the International Therapeutic Jurisprudence in the Mainstream project.
The project is guided by an Advisory Group of people with expertise and interest in the area of therapeutic jurisprudence.
The Advisory Group comes from 18 different countries around the world and includes judges, lawyers and prosecutors, academics and students in the field of law and other fields such as psychology.
Advisory Group Members (for full bios see below)
Michal Alberstein (Israel)
Barbara A. Babb (Baltimore, USA),
Jamie Balson (Arizona, USA),
Lorana Bartels (Canberra, Australia),
Dr Becky Batagol (Melbourne, Australia)
Dr Astrid Birgden PhD (Melbourne, Australia)
Dr Harry Blagg (Perth, Australia)
Warren Brookbanks (Auckland, New Zealand)
Amy Campbell (USA)
Dave Cole (Arizona, USA)
Caroline S. Cooper (USA)
Justice Jorn Dangreau (Belgium)
Dale Dewhurst (Alberta, Canada)
Jane Donoghue (UK)
Catalina Droppelmann (Chile)
Michelle Edgely (Queensland, Australia)
Martine Evans (France)
Daniel Fensterseifer (Brazil)
Joe Flies-Away (Arizona)
Mark Fondacaro (USA)
Ian Freckelton QC (Victoria, Australia)
Tali Gal (Haifa, Israel)
Carrie Garrow (USA)
Marie Hagsgård (Sweden)
Peggy Hora, Judge (Ret) (California, USA)
Rob Hulls (Victoria, Australia)
Emma Jones (UK)
Mike Jones, Judge (Ret) (Arizona, USA)
Dr. Michael King (Western Australia)
Moa Kindström Dahlin (Sweden)
Judge Ginger Lerner Wren (Florida, USA)
Antonio Lomba (Washington, D.C. USA)
Muhammad Amir Munir (Lahore, Pakistan)
Sarah Murray (Perth, Australia)
Luis Osuna (Mexico)
Michael Perlin (New York, USA)
Carrie Petrucci (USA)
Magistrate Jelena Popovic (Victoria, Australia)
Virginia Barber Rioja, Ph.D, (USA)
Di Robinson (NSW, Australia)
Evan Seamone (USA)
Annemie Serlippens (Belgium)
Tania Sourdin Australia)
Nigel Stobbs (Queensland, Australia)
Pauline Spencer (Victoria, Australia)
Katey Thom (Auckland, New Zealand)
Annette van der Merwe (South Africa)
Mr. dr. M.Vols (The Netherlands)
Judge John Walker (New Zealand)
David Wexler (Puerto Rico)
Amanda Wilson (NSW, Australia)
David Yamada (Boston, USA)
ADVISORY GROUP – FULL BIOS
Michal Alberstein (Israel) SJD Harvard University; LLB, BA, Tel-Aviv University; is an associate professor at The Faculty of Law, Bar-Ilan University, Israel. She is also the director of the conflict management and negotiation graduate program at Bar Ilan University, and the co-editor of The International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution. (IJCER).She has been recommended for an ERC consolidator grant to examine and promote judicial Conflict Resolution across countries and systems of law. She teaches jurisprudence and conflict resolution. Her current research deals with theories of law and conflict resolution and their intellectual roots; multiculturalism and its relation to negotiation and mediation; representations of conflict resolution in literature and film; trauma and memory: medical, legal and cultural perspectives. She is the co-editor (together with Nadav Davidovitch and Austin Sarat) of the book Trauma and Memory: Reading, Healing and Making Law which deals with collective trauma and the legal and medical professions, by Stanford University Press. Her book, Pragmatism and Law: From Philosophy to Disputes Resolution (UK 2002), deals with the intellectual roots of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). Her Book in Hebrew Jurisprudence of Mediation (Torat Hagishur) deals with the intersection of theories of law and mediation, and discusses resistance to the ADR movement through reference to notions of justice and rights.
Barbara A. Babb (Baltimore, USA) Barbara A. Babb is an Associate Professor and Founder and Director of the Sayra and Neil Meyerhoff Center for Families, Children and the Courts at the University of Baltimore School of Law, where she has taught various family law courses since 1989. During the Spring 1999 Semester, Professor Babb was a Visiting Professor of Law at the George Washington University School of Law. Professor Babb’s scholarship focuses on an interdisciplinary approach to family law jurisprudence through the application of therapeutic jurisprudence and an ecological/holistic perspective and to court reform in family law through the creation of unified family courts. She has written and spoken extensively at the state, national, and international levels about unified family courts and family law decision-making. Further, she has participated in court and law reform projects in Maryland, nationally, and internationally. In recognition of her work, Professor Babb has received the University System of Maryland Regents’ Award for Outstanding Public Service, the first Benjamin L. Cardin Distinguished Service Award, the Rosalyn B. Bell Award for Outstanding Contributions in Family Law, and two Outstanding Teaching Awards from the School of Law; she was named a Human Rights and Justice Champion by Maryland Legal Aid . Professor Babb is a past Chair and current Executive Committee Member of the Association of American Law Schools Family and Juvenile Law Section. She is a former member of the American Bar Association Standing Committee on Substance Abuse, where she actively participated in the Committee’s unified family court project, Communities, Families, and the Justice System. She is also a member of the ABA’s Unified Family Courts Coordinating Council. She is the former ABA Family Law Section Liaison to the Standing Committee on Substance Abuse and the former Co-Chair of the ABA Family Law Section’s Family Court Committee. Professor Babb is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Family Court Review. She received her J.D. from Cornell Law School in 1981, an M.S. from Cornell University in 1978, and a B.S. with highest distinction from the Pennsylvania State University in 1973. She is a member of the New York and Maryland Bars.
Jamie Balson (Arizona, USA) The bulk of Jamie’s career has focused on working on behalf of crime victims to promote greater access to justice within the legal system, first as a social worker and now as an attorney, with her primary focus on issues related to domestic violence and crime victims’ rights. Jamie spent several years representing the surviving families of domestic violence homicide in bringing civil lawsuits directly against the killer. In 2013, working as an adjunct professor, Jamie developed and taught the inaugural semester of both the Domestic Violence Protection Order Clinic and the Family Law Clinic which both focused on legal issues arising from domestic violence. Currently, Jamie works as a prosecutor at the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office where she strives to ensure the victim’s voices are heard throughout the criminal justice system. Jamie speaks regularly about domestic violence issues to area shelters and agencies that assist domestic violence survivors. She is also involved in several local committees that focus on domestic violence policies, legislation and other legal issues. In 2013, Jamie was awarded the Guara Award from the Arizona Coalition Against Domestic Violence for her outstanding efforts in providing direct services to victims of domestic violence. In 2014, Jamie was awarded the Crime Victims’ Rights award from the Department of Justice for her outstanding efforts to advance or enforce crime victims’ rights. Jamie authored Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Facilitating Healing in Crime Victims (6 Phoenix L. Rev. 1018 (2013)) which explores methods of utilizing TJ to promote healing in crime victims by focusing on those who may have the greatest ability to do so — prosecutors and judges.
Lorana Bartels (Canberra, Australia) Lorana Bartels is an Associate Professor in the School of Law and Justice at the University of Canberra, Australia, where she teaches criminal law and procedure, criminology and juvenile justice. She holds Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws and Doctor of Philosophy degrees, as well as graduate qualifications in legal practice and tertiary education. Her key research interests are sentencing and corrections, and the treatment of women and Indigenous people in the criminal justice system. She has previously written on the challenges of mainstreaming specialty courts and the need to consider offenders’ oral competence in therapeutic jurisprudence and restorative justice contexts.
Becky Batagol (Melbourne, Australia) Dr Batagol is a Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, Monash University. Dr Batogol is a researcher and teacher with a focus on family law, non-adversarial justice, dispute resolution, gender, family violence and constitutional law. She is co-author of Non-Adversarial Justice (second ed. 2014) and Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law? The Case of Family Mediation (2011). Becky is contributor to the ADR Research network blog and tweets regularly under the handle @BeckyBatagol. Becky’s outstanding teaching has been recognised most recently through a 2013 Monash University Vice-Chancellor’s Citation for Outstanding Contribution to Student Learning. She received her faculty teaching award in 2012.
Astrid Birgden (Melbourne, Australia) Dr Astrid Birgden, PhD- Consultant Forensic Psychologist and Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor, Deakin University, Australia For 25 years I have developed policy and managed service delivery to clients in correctional services (sex offenders and drug-related offenders), in problem solving courts (family violence court and drug court), and disability services (forensic disability clients). In 2000, I audited two therapeutic jurisprudence subjects with Professor David Wexler at the University of Puerto Rico. Since this time, I have applied TJ principles in both policy and practice work in offender rehabilitation, including a statewide Reducing Reoffending Framework in Corrections Victoria, establishing and managing an interagency Compulsory Drug Treatment Correctional Center in Sydney for five years, and designing offender case management systems. Therefore, the ‘mainstreaming’ aspect has been applied more in corrections. I am interested in applying social science evidence to support TJ principles, and am especially interested in supporting human rights.
Dr Harry Blagg (Perth, Australia) Dr Harry Blagg is Winthrop Professor of Criminology in the Law School at the University of Western Australia and has worked on justice reform in one guise or another for over 20 years. His main area of interest is in kinds of reform that ensure marginalised and oppressed groups are not further marginalised and oppressed by justice systems. He has been heavily involved in justice for Australia’s Indigenous people and has completed major projects on the ‘decolonisation’ of the Australian approach to Indigenous justice, including changing the way courts operate: themes tied together in a 2008 book ‘Crime, Aboriginality and the Decolonisation of Justice’. He has been involved in research and writing on TJ related issues in Australia, including research on Problem Oriented Courts in Western Australia and ‘mainstreaming’ TJ principles, and specialised court services, in Melbourne (Australia).
Warren Brookbanks (Auckland, New Zealand) Warren Brookbanks was previously a Professor of Law at Auckland University Law School, but is now Professor of Criminal Law and Justice Studies and Director of the Centre for Non-Adversarial Justice at AUT University Law School, Auckland. His principal teaching areas are criminal law and mental health law, although he has been interested in TJ for nearly 20 years. He has published leading textbooks on criminal law and mental health law and a number of articles on TJ, and has given a number of TJ-themed conference addresses. He has taught a Masters course in TJ at Auckland University and in 2015 published a book of essays on TJ in New Zealand entitled Therapeutic Jurisprudence: New Zealand Perspectives (Thomson Reuters, 2015). He is in regular contact with a number of New Zealand judges who are interested in TJ, three of whom are actively involved in presiding over solution-focussed courts in the Auckland region. He is a former member of the District Court Judges Education Committee and has presented at many seminars to judges at all levels of the court on developments in criminal law and forensic aspects of mental health law.
Amy T. Campbell, JD, MBE (USA) is Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Institute for Health Law & Policy at the University of Memphis Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law, where she is responsible for creating and leading a new health law program. She also serves as Adjunct Faculty in the Center for Bioethics and Clinical Leadership of the Union Graduate College-Mount Sinai School of Medicine Bioethics Program.
At Memphis Law, Prof. Campbell developed and teaches several new courses, including Public Health Law and the Health Policy Practicum. She also has taught the introductory Health Law course, a health care reform seminar (which she developed) and Mental Health Law. Prior faculty experience in academic medical settings includes teaching ethics to medical, nursing, health professional and PhD basic science students, and health policy to an interdisciplinary mix of professional students. Her scholarly interests include: how to develop health policy from a therapeutic, evidence-informed, and ethical perspective, and how best to translate evidence into policy; how law is used to change individual and population behavior; and how better to meet legal training needs of health professionals (including via innovative interdisciplinary law-health professional student approaches). Specific areas of interest include child and adolescent health and mental health, with an emerging focus on applying insights from Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) research to policymaking and policy implementation.
Prof. Campbell is a member of the International Scientific Committee of the International Academy of Law & Mental Health, through which she has served since 2012 to co-organize the therapeutic jurisprudence track of its biennial Congress (Amsterdam-2013; Vienna-2015; Prague-2017, planning underway). She also serves on the Advisory Board of World Medical & Health Policy (journal). She is also consultant to the Advocacy Committee of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (which she chaired 2013-2015), serves on the National Advisory Committee of Youth Providers 2.0, and is actively engaged in paediatric law and bioethics endeavors through the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, for which she also serves on the Nominating Committee.
David Cole (Arizona, USA) Judge Cole is an associate professor at the Arizona Summit Law School where he has taught a number of courses (including his specialty courses — Evidence, Criminal Law, and Juvenile Law). He rejoined the ASLS faculty in 2013 after serving for two years as Arizona’s Solicitor General. He has held teaching positions at the Pepperdine University School of Law and the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law. From 1989 to 2007, he served as a superior court judge in Phoenix; during that time, he had the opportunity to preside over a wide variety of matters, including criminal (capital and non-capital), juvenile, civil, domestic relations, and lower court appeals. In 1991, he was appointed by Arizona Supreme Court Chief Justice Frank X. Gordon as the co-Chair of the Victims’ Rights Implementation Committee. From 2000 to 2003, he served as a member of the Attorney General’s Capital Case Commission. From 1997, he served as the first presiding judge of the Maricopa County DUI Court. Before being appointed to the bench, he served as a Deputy Pima County Attorney, Assistant Arizona Attorney General, and Clerk of Court of the Arizona Supreme Court. He received his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Arizona. He is licensed to practice law in all Arizona courts, the United States District Court (District of Arizona), the United States Court of Appeals for both the District of Columbia and Ninth Circuits, and the United States Supreme Court. He continues to be involved in continuing legal and judicial education programs sponsored by entities such as the Arizona Judicial College, the State Bar of Arizona, and the Maricopa County Bar Association. He is a member of the Arizona Supreme Court’s Advisory Committee on the Rules of Evidence. Judge Cole has four adult children and two grandchildren.
Caroline S. Cooper (USA) Research Professor and Director, Justice Programs Office, School of Public Affairs, American University. Caroline’s interest in TJ in the mainstream stems primarily from having worked in the justice system as an attorney in general practice, a public defender, as well as a provider of training and technical assistance, all of which have highlighted the importance of drawing on the therapeutic capabilities of the justice system to promote healing and rehabilitation where possible, in addition to public safety and other concerns, to demystify the justice system process and make it responsive to the citizens who are relying on the justice system to ensure justice and the rule of law, regardless of whether they be a defendant, victim, witness, or simply a member of the public, and to give credence to each individual involved in the justice process so that, regardless of the outcome, they feel they had the opportunity to be heard and have, in fact, been heard and their interests considered.
Justice Jorn Dangreau (Belgium) Jorn Dangreau, born on the 21 th of February 1969 in Belgium, studied law at the University of Ghent and graduated, with distinction, in 1992. After getting his Law Degree he participated a postgraduate European Master Study in Law and Economics. This study was organized in English and on European Level. In this respect he had the opportunity to study at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam (Netherlands), Ghent (Belgium) and at New College in Oxford (Great-Brittain). He graduated with a master thesis on the legal and economic aspects of innovations in crop Biotechnology. In October 1993 he started as a sollicitor/barristor at the Bar of Bruges. In October 2000 he was nominated by the Minister of Justice as a judge in the court of first instance Ghent. Dealing with several criminal cases and civil cases in the beginning of his career, his main interest began to be in the field of drug related crimes. He was for a while President of the Board of Probation. Together with Annemieke Serlippens, prosecutor at the court in Ghent, he wrote a project about solution focused judging for the High Council of Justice as to be able to visit the drug treatment courts in the United States and Canada. They got a grant and went in 2007 to New York, Washington, Vancouver and Toronto to study the drug treatment courts (DTC). Back in Belgium they tried to adapt the main principles of the DTC in the existing (continental) legal system and got the support of the Minister of Justice as to implement a DTC in the court of Ghent in may 2008. Until this day the project is ongoing. Besides presiding the Ghent DTC, he is president of three judges dealing with the more severe criminal cases. Due to the DTC-project there was a growing international interest and Jorn Dangreau was able to attend different drug related conferences under the umbrella of the EU-LAC Drug Treatment City Partnerships, an initiative coordinated by the Inter American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) of the Organisation of American States (OAS) and (co)funded by the European Commission. He went as a participant at the conference held in 2008 in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) and as a speaker at the conferences held in 2009 in Santiago (Chile), in 2009 in Ghent (Belgium) and in 2010 in Lugo (Spain). Together with Prosecutor Annemieke Serplippens he went on a mission as an external expert to Paramaribo in 2009 (Suriname), Tbilisi in 2010 (Georgia), San José in 2011(Costa Rica), Santiago in 2012 (Chile) and Toluca in 2013 (Mexico) to investigate the possibilities of implementing the solution focused approach within the local legislation. Under the Belgian Presidency of the European Union they gave on 16 November 2010 a presentation to all of the National Drug Coordinators of the European Union (Brussels). Jorn Dangreau had the opportunity to attend, and speak at, the Commission on Narcotics Drugs of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC, Vienna) in 2013. He was invited to speak about the Ghent DTC-alternatives for incarceration at the 4th World Forum Against Drugs in Stockholm (Sweden) in May 2014. He is also member of the board of the International Association of Drug Treatment Courts (IADTC). Since 2012 he was elected to be a member of the High Council of Justice in Belgium for a period of four years. Apart from this Jorn Dangreau wrote several scientific articles (some of them in the field of drug legislation).
Dr Jane Donoghue (UK) Dr Jane Donoghue is the Director of the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice at Lancaster University Law School, England. Her research interests are multi-disciplinary and span criminology, criminal law and criminal justice. In particular, she has specialised in the empirical study of problem-solving courts; lay justice and the lay magistracy in England; and therapeutic jurisprudence. The findings of her most recent empirical research, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), are published in a number of articles as well as in her recent book, Transforming Criminal Justice: Problem-Solving and Court Specialization, which was published by Routledge in 2014. This book provides a comparative analysis of developments in problem-solving justice in the UK and US and examines the prospects for ‘mainstreaming’ problem-solving into the criminal justice sphere more broadly. Dr Donoghue joined Lancaster University Law School in August 2013. She has previously worked at the Centre for Criminology at the University of Oxford’s Law Faculty; and the University of Sussex Law School.
Dale Dewhurst (Alberta, Canada) Dale Dewhurst, J.D., LL.M. Associate Professor, Legal Studies & Legislative Drafting, Athabasca University, Alberta. Dale has a background in law and philosophy and before joining the faculty in 2003 he practiced law and mediation in private practice in Saskatchewan and taught professional ethics for Athabasca University. Dale’s interests include virtue ethics and justice, jurisprudence/philosophy of law, therapeutic jurisprudence, access to justice, Indigenous law, alternative dispute resolution and professional ethics. Dale’s current research interests focus on a comprehensive approach to justice embedded in natural law theories of justice and virtue ethics. His research is carried on at three levels. The sociological/applied level examines the application of existing approaches to law and justice within society and seeks effective ways to make existing justice systems more accessible and empowering for a broader range of individuals. The analytical/normative level studies law and dispute resolution system design and seeks to improve justice systems themselves in ways that are more responsive to diverse conceptions of justice.
Catalina Droppelmann (Chile) Catalina Droppelmann holds a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Valparaíso (Chile) and an MPhil in Criminological Research from the University of Cambridge (UK). She is currently affiliated to the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, as a PhD researcher under the supervision of Professor Loraine Gelsthorpe. Her research concentrates on the processes and factors associated with desistance from crime in young offenders. More specifically it explores the transition from crime to conformity among Chilean juvenile offenders to identify the theoretical, policy and practical implications of the findings. For this purpose, she has designed and is now undertaking the first longitudinal study with a panel of young offenders in Chile. Prior to her PhD, Catalina worked for ten years researching and implementing public policies in the areas of sentencing and corrections. She was the Director of the Criminal Justice Division in Fundación Paz Ciudadana in Chile, a Latin American think tank that promotes public policies in the areas of crime prevention, sentencing and corrections. In this position she worked on the design and implementation of the first Drug Treatment Courts in Chile. In addition, she has been a research associate of the Institute of Sociology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; and consultant to international organizations. She has been a lecturer of various courses on criminology in Chilean universities. Catalina is the President of the Chilean Association of Therapeutic Jurisprudence and in 2009 she was honored as one of 100 young leaders of Chile for her contribution in this field. Her research interests are youth justice, desistance from crime, criminal careers, law compliance, therapeutic jurisprudence, sentencing and alternatives to incarceration.
Michelle Edgely (Queensland, Australia) Michelle Edgely gained her LLB (1st Hons) in 2004 at Griffith Law School, Brisbane and worked for a criminal law firm after graduating. That experience cemented her interest in criminal law, and especially, the sentencing of vulnerable and disadvantaged offenders. Michelle returned to Griffith Law School to do a Master of Laws in 2005 and took up a position as a lecturer in 2007, which I held until earlier 2014. Michelle’s thesis considered the challenges involved in mainstreaming therapeutic jurisprudence in relation to mentally impaired offenders. Her empirical research included observations of mainstream courts and solution-focused court lists for mentally impaired offenders in South Australia, Victoria and Queensland; and interviews with Magistrates, judges, prosecutors, defence lawyers & case workers. Michelle is expanding her research interests to consider the theoretical tensions between traditional liberal sentencing (autonomous free will) and what behavioural, genetic and neurosciences can tell us about ’causes’ of offending (determinism). As well as a focus on offenders with intellectual impairment and in particular offenders with foetal alcohol syndrome.
Professor Martine Evans (France) Pr. Martine Herzog-Evans (PhD) teaches law and criminology at Reims University, France. She also teaches at the Universities of Paris (Paris II-Assas), and Bordeaux IV/National Prison Academy’. Her majors are criminal law, sentences, probation, prisons and reentry. She has published extensively (see http://herzog-evans.com). Her latest books are Droit de l’exécution des peines, Dalloz, Paris, 2012-2013, 4th ed. (Sentences’ implementation law), Droit pénitentiaire, Dalloz, 2012-2013, 2nd ed. (Prison Law); French reentry courts and rehabilitation: Mister Jourdain of desistance, Paris, l’Harmattan (in French, 2013 and English, 2014) and Réformer la probation française. Un défi à relever (Reforming French probation: a challenge), Paris, l’Harmattan, both in 2013. Forthcoming is (edited), Offender release and supervision: The role of courts and the use of discretion, Nijmegen, Wolf Legal Publishers. She is a member of the European Society of Criminology and works with three of its subgroups: Community Sentences and Measures; Sentencing; and Prisons. She regularly trains CJS practitioners (probation officers, reentry and release judges and prison staff). The main focus of her research is probation, prison, and supervision practitioners, with legitimacy of justice, therapeutic jurisprudence and desistance as theoretical compasses. She is a working group leader with the U.E. COST Action ISE1106 ‘Offender Supervision in Europe’. She has consulted with the National Assembly, the Senate, the law commission of the National Assembly, the National Human Rights Commission (Prime Minister’s services), and the prison services and worked for the Council of Europe.
Daniel Fensterseifer (Brazil) Daniel Fensterseifer is a law professor in Universidade Regional Integrada do Alto Uruguai e das Missões – URI/FW; Cordinator of a pilot project of Drug Court in Frederico Westphalen/RS; Doctor candidate in Criminal Sciences in Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRS; financial director of Therapeutic Justice Brazilian Association; member of Therapeutic Jurisprudence iberoamerican association.
Joe Flies-Away (Arizona, USA) Joseph Thomas Flies-Away, J.D. M.P.A., (Hualapai) Associate Justice of the Hualapai Court of Appeals, describes himself as a community and nation building consultant/facilitator. As a consultant, Flies-Away facilitates tribal community & nation building projects in planning, evaluation, technical assistance, research, and training. Focusing on developing justice systems, including Healing to Wellness Courts, Flies-Away is interested in how courts and other governmental institutions contribute to affective governance and ‘living together well’. Justice Flies-Away’s experience includes serving as a Hualapai Tribal Council Member, Director of the Tribe’s Department of Planning & Community Vision, promoter and Chairman of the Board of the tribal corporation, HBE, Inc., and Chief Judge and Associate Judge of the Hualapai Tribal Court (trial court). Justice Flies-Away has also taught students from Jr. High to the university, including Lecturer in Law at Stanford University School of Law and in Native American Studies in the Stanford School of Humanities & Sciences, Arizona State, and UCLA. In his first term as Chief Judge, Flies-Away helped to plan, implement, then preside over the Hualapai Wellness Court, which later became a Mentor Court. It was one of the first wellness courts to offer both an adult and juvenile docket. On his own and as a consultant for the Tribal Law and Policy Institute (TLPI) Flies-Away assists tribes and Alaskan villages to plan, develop, and refine Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts. Working with TLPI, Judge Flies-Away helped produce the Overview Healing to Wellness Courts; Healing to Wellness Courts: The 10 key Components; and the Wellness Court Judge’s Bench Book (draft), which he is currently helping to update. In his own writing, Judge Flies-Away describes Wellness Courts as Therapeutic Jurisprudence +, ‘the plus’ being a spiritual element added to the psychological and emotional impact concerns of Tribal Justice (TJ). Spiritual in this context connotes how individuals and groups feel connected, linked, and tied together, a bonding that strengthens the spirit and soul. Flies-Away believes that many addicts seek and rely on substances to help them feel connected and apart. Healing to Wellness Courts, for Flies-Away, provides a format for participants to find alternate ways to feel connected, related, empowered, and restored. Through his experience and education as a judge, council member, planner, and teacher, Judge Flies-Away is familiar and experienced with a broad spectrum of issues and concerns Indigenous peoples face in their endeavors to re-build strong communities, governments, and nations. Flies-Away commits to comprehensive strategies and facilitations in the areas of human capital development, organizational development, community infrastructure development environmental support, and economic development (what he refers to as People, Policy, Place, & Pecuniary Possibilities; How People Gather Ground & Grow). Flies-Away offers holistic workshops and concepts that embrace Indigenous processes, including the Spirituality of Law and Warrior of Law; and speaks to various audiences on Indigenous governance, law, and leadership. Judge Flies-Away holds a Juris doctor Degree from the Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, a Masters Degree in Public Administration from the Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, and is a graduate of Stanford in English Literature.
Mark Fondacaro (USA) is currently a Professor of Psychology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Before joining the faculty at John Jay, he was an Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Florida and an Associate Director of the Levin College of Law’s Center on Children and Families. He received a B.A. in psychology with an outside concentration in the biological sciences from Stony Brook University and a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from Indiana University-Bloomington. He pursued post-doctoral training in social ecology at Stanford University before completing his legal training at Columbia Law School. His theoretical work focuses on the development of an “Ecological Jurisprudence” and his empirical research has focused on adapting legal concepts of due process and procedural justice to extra-legal contexts such as the family and the health care system. Professor Fondacaro has recently co-authored (with Christopher Slobogin) a book entitled “Juveniles at Risk: A Plea for Preventive Justice” that was published by Oxford University Press. He has authored numerous articles in both law reviews and behavioral science journals on issues of procedural justice, due process, family conflict resolution, and juvenile justice reform. He is currently working with a team of graduate student assistants in his Social Justice Laboratory on a series of empirical studies aimed at identifying defendant and situational factors that may bias judgments of criminal responsibility. Professor Fondacaro’s innovative interdisciplinary scholarship and research have earned him national and international recognition and invitations to serve as a Visiting Researcher at Stanford University, a Visiting Scholar at New York University, and a Visiting Professor at Duke University. Professor Fondacaro currently serves as an editor for the Journal of Youth and Adolescence and Adolescent Research Review. In addition to his prior service on the editorial board of Psychology, Public Policy and Law, he has served as a peer reviewer for a wide range of interdisciplinary journals including Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Law & Society Review, Journal of Family Issues, Health Education and Behavior, Prevention in Human Services, Law & Human Behavior, Social Justice Research, and International Journal of Forensic Mental Health. Professor Fondacaro has taught courses in abnormal psychology, juvenile and criminal law, mental health law, scientific evidence and is teaching a seminar on neuroscience and law during the spring 2015 semester.
Ian Freckelton QC (Victoria, Australia) Ian Freckelton is a Queen’s Counsel in fulltime practice at the Victorian, Northern Territory and Tasmanian Bars. He has been a member of ten statutory tribunals, including the Social Security Appeals Tribunal, the Medical Practitioners Board of Victoria and the Mental Health Tribunal of Victoria. He is a member of the Coronial Council of Victoria. Ian is also a Professorial Fellow of Law and Psychiatry at the University of Melbourne and an Adjunct Professor of Law and Forensic Medicine at Monash University. He is the Editor of the Journal of Law and Medicine and the Editor-in-Chief of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. He is an elected Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law, the Australian Academy of Social Sciences and the Australasian College of Legal Medicine. Ian has written extensively in relation to therapeutic jurisprudence and many other subjects. Ian has played a role in introducing, reflecting on and writing about therapeutic jurisprudence in relation to court and tribunal procedures and its relevance to disciplinary law, sentencing, sports law, mental health tribunal law and coronial law. He also has an interest in the abuse of the concept of therapeutic jurisprudence.
Tali Gal (Haifa, Israel) Tali Gal (Ll.B Hebrew University, Ll.M American University, Ph.D Australian National University) is an Assistant Professor at the University of Haifa School of Criminology. Prior to her academic career she practiced law as a children’s rights advocate and Legal Adviser at the Israeli National Council for the Child. Her current research interests are driven by a therapeutic jurisprudence agenda, and in particular a search for non-adversarial mechanisms and their understanding. Tali teaches and writes about children’s rights, restorative justice, victims’ rights, childhood victimization, and therapeutic jurisprudence. Her book Child Victims and Restorative Justice – A Needs—Rights Model was published by Oxford University Press in 2011. Some of her journal articles have been published in the British Journal of Criminology (“Juvenile Victims and Restorative Justice: Findings from the RISE Experiment”, with Shomron Moyal), The International Journal of Children’s Rights (Forming Partnerships: The Human Rights of Children in Need of Care and Protection”, with Sharon Bessell), and Cardozo Law Review (“Restorative Criminal Justice”, with Hadar Dancig-Rosenberg”). With David Wexler, she wrote “Synergizing Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Positive Criminology”, to be published in Positive Criminology: The Good Can Overcome the Bad (Dana Segev and Natti Ronel, Eds.). Tali is currently editing a book on child participation in decision-making (forthcoming, Oxford University Press, 2015), and another book on restorative justice in Israel (forthcoming 2015, Hebrew).
Carrie Garrow (USA) Carrie E. Garrow is a Visiting Assistant Professor at Syracuse University College of Law. She is also the Chief Appellate Judge for the St. Regis Mohawk Tribal Court. She previously served as the Executive Director for the Center for Indigenous Law, Governance & Citizenship at Syracuse University College of Law. She received her undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College, her law degree from Stanford Law School, and a Master’s in Public Policy degree from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Prior to coming to Syracuse University she worked as a deputy district attorney for Riverside County in Southern California, the Chief Judge for the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe and a tribal justice consultant for several non-profit organizations, including the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, the Native Nations Institute, and the Tribal Law and Policy Institute. As a TLPI consultant, Ms. Garrow provides training and technical assistance to tribal drug courts. Ms. Garrow writings include: Joseph Thomas Flies-Away & Carrie E. Garrow, Healing to Wellness Courts: Therapeutic Jurisprudence +, 403 Michigan State Law Review 403 (2013); The freedom to pass and repass: can the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples keep the border ten feet above our heads? Indigenous Rights in the Age of the UN Declaration (Elvira Pulitano, ed 2012); Treaties, Tribal Courts, and Jurisdiction: The Treaty of Canandaigua and the Six Nations’ Sovereign Right to Exercise Criminal Jurisdiction, 2 Journal of Court Innovation 249 (2009); Following Deskaheh’s Legacy: Reclaiming the Cayuga Indian Nation’s Land Rights in the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, 35 Syracuse J. Int’l L. & Com. 341 (2008); Joseph Thomas Flies-Away, Carrie Garrow & Miriam Jorgensen, Native Nation Courts: Key Players in Nation Rebuilding, in Rebuilding Native Nations, Strategies for Governance and Development 115 (Miriam Jorgensen ed., 2007); Robert Odawi Porter, Carrie E. Garrow, Audra Simpson, Comments in Opposition to the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative Requiring American Indians Traveling into United States from Canada to Carry a U.S. or Canadian Passport, The Center for Indigenous Law, Governance & Citizenship Research Paper Series 05-03; Robert Odawi Porter and Carrie E. Garrow, Legal and Policy Analysis Associated with Indigenous Migrating Peoples: Assessing the Impact on the Haudenosaunee in New York State, the Center for Indigenous Law, Governance & Citizenship Research Paper Series 05-01; Joseph Thomas Flies-Away, Carrie Garrow, and Miriam Jorgensen, Divorce and Real Property on American Indian Reservations: Lessons for First Nations and Canada, 29:2 Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal 81 (Spring/Summer 2005); Carrie Garrow and Sarah Deer, Tribal Criminal Law and Procedure (AltaMira Press 2004); Paul Robertson, Miriam Jorgensen, Carrie E. Garrow, “Indigenizing Evaluation Research: Raising the Tipi in the Oglala Sioux Nation,” 28 American Indian Quarterly 498 (2004).
Marie B. Hagsgård (Sweden)
Marie B. Hagsgård worked as a judge for 15 years (assistant judge at the district court of Gothenburg and associate judge at the Court of appeal of Western Sweden).
In 2006 she was offered and accepted a permanent post as an organizational developer at the Court of Appeal of Western Sweden, a post she held until the end of 2012. During this period she also worked for other courts assisting them in improving the functioning of their courts in a number of ways such as increased efficiency and a better case flow, knowledge management, more active handling of civil cases and better treatment of and information to parties and witnesses.
During this time Marie B. Hagsgård developed the method Internal and External dialogue as a way to improve the functioning of these courts. The method builds on the knowledge and experience of all judges and all staff of how the local court functions. All judges and staff are actively involved in an internal dialogue about what areas need to be improved in the court and in suggesting concrete measures to improve in these areas. Judges and staff then are involved in an external dialogue where they attend meetings and listen to how lawyers and prosecutors perceive that the court is functioning and their ideas for improvement. They also interview litigants and witnesses after court hearings in order to find out how they have experienced the information given by the court and the treatment received by court staff and judges.
Marie B. Hagsgård has also worked for the National Courts Administration (NCA) investigating experiences among court leaders, judges and staff of work with court development.
Since 2012 and currently Marie B. Hagsgård is working as a consultant to support the quality of work in Swedish courts and in other professional organizations. She has supported 35 Swedish courts in improving the treatment of parties and witnesses in court. In one of those courts; The Administrative court of Karlstad, together with a judge, she interviewed 10 patients in a mental hospital about their views of the treatment during court hearings. A report from the interviews with quotes and the actions taken by the court as a result of the outcomes of the interviews is available in Swedish.
Peggy Hora, Judge (Ret) (USA) Judge Peggy Fulton Hora retired from the California Superior Court after serving 21 years. She had a criminal assignment that included presiding over the Drug Treatment Court. She is a former dean of the B.E. Witkin Judicial College of California and has been on the faculty of the National Judicial College for over 20 years. Judge Hora is a Senior Judicial Fellow for the National Drug Court Institute and the Global Centre for Drug Treatment Courts. She is also a Judicial Outreach Liaison for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Judge Hora is a global leader in the solution-focused courts movement and has written comprehensively on justice issues. The appellate court and over 100 journals and law reviews have cited her work. She was a 2009-2010 Thinker in Residence appointed by the Premier of South Australia to study and make recommendations on the Australian justice system. She was a visiting scholar at the University of Tasmania School of Law. Her international work includes speaking at conferences worldwide and hands-on training on drug courts in Israel, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Chile, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. She is a recipient of the Bernard S. Jefferson Judicial Education Award from the California Judges’ Association and winner of the Rose Bird Award from California Women Lawyers. She was honored as Woman of the Year by the California legislature. Her article looking at mainstreaming Therapeutic Jurisprudence, “Courting New Solutions Using Problem-Solving Justice: Key Components, Guiding Principles, Strategies, Responses, Models, Approaches, Blueprints and Tool Kits,” appeared in the Chapman Journal of Criminal Justice in the Spring of 2011. Her latest article, “Tough on Crime is Not Smart on Crime” was published in 2013 in the Australian journal Insight.
Rob Hulls (Melbourne, Australia) Rob Hulls is the Director of the Centre for Innovative Justice (Melbourne, Victoria). Rob Hulls completed his law degree at RMIT and began his career as a Solicitor for the Legal Aid Commission of Victoria from 1984–86. Rob served one term in Federal Parliament from 1990–93 as the member for Kennedy, Queensland and in 1994 on return to Melbourne was appointed Chief of Staff to the Victorian Leader of the Opposition. In his state political career Rob held the offices of Attorney-General; Minister for Manufacturing Industry and Minister for Racing, Minister for WorkCover, Minister for Planning and Minister for Industrial Relations. As Attorney-General for Victoria between1999-2010, Rob instigated significant changes to Victoria’s legal system which saw the establishment of the state’s first Charter of Human Rights and reform to Victoria’s Upper House. Rob established specialist courts in Victoria including the Neighbourhood Justice Centre, the Drug Court, and specialist courts for Victoria’s indigenous community, for people with mental health issues, and for victims of family violence. He also opened up the process for the appointment of people to Victoria’s judiciary. In October 2012 Rob was appointed Adjunct Professor at RMIT and was invited to establish the new Centre for Innovative Justice as its inaugural Director. The Centre’s objective is to develop, drive, and expand the capacity of the justice system to meet and adapt to the needs of its diverse users. As a legal aid lawyer, a Minister with responsibility for the justice system and now as director of the Centre for Innovative Justice, Rob has always had a passion for ensuring that all aspects of the justice system, including courts, act as a positive intervention in people’s lives.
Emma Jones (UK) Emma is a lecturer in law at the Open University in the UK. She previously practised as a solicitor and is also a qualified teacher. Her main research interests are law, emotion, multiple intelligences, emotional intelligence and legal education. She has recently submitted her PhD thesis on “the role of emotion in undergraduate legal education in England and Wales” which includes an examination of the potential role of therapeutic jurisprudence in developing a more holistic approach to legal education. Emma is currently developing a research project on law student wellbeing in the UK and writing on the role of empathy in legal education. She is also a lead editor of the Journal of Commonwealth Law and Legal Education.
Mike Jones, Judge (Ret) (Arizona, USA) Prior to becoming a professor for Arizona Summit Law School, Judge Michael Jones graduated with a BA in Political Science and History from University of Arizona and a JD from University of Arizona. He then went to work as an Assistant Attorney General (Criminal Appeals Division), Deputy County Attorney for the Maricopa County Attorney’s office (Major Felony Bureau), Assistant Attorney General for Arizona Attorney General’s Office- Civil Division, Justice of the Peace in the West Mesa Justice Court, a Commissioner for the Superior Court in Maricopa County and, finally, a Judge for the Superior Court in Maricopa County. He is a past President of the Maricopa County Bar Association and a past member of the Board of Directors of the Maricopa County Bar Association. He currently teaches Criminal Procedure, Comprehensive Law and Advanced Studies in Therapeutic Jurisprudence. Judge Jones has also taught mental health law and therapeutic jurisprudence to other judges. Professor Judge Michael Jones article , “EMPLOYING THE ‘LAST BEST OFFER’ APPROACH IN CRIMINAL SETTLEMENT CONFERENCES: THE THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF AN ARBITRATION TECHNIQUE IN JUDICIAL MEDIATION”, was recently listed on SSRN’s Top Ten download list for: LSN: Criminal Law (Public Law – Crime) (Topic). The response to this article was so enthusiastic Professor Jones is planning a follow-up article of ‘best practices’ for settlement conferences with the input of other judges.
Michael King (Western Australia) Dr Michael S King is a magistrate of the Magistrates Court of Western Australia and an honorary fellow, Faculty of Law, University of Western Australia. He has had broad experience in applying therapeutic jurisprudence and other non-adversarial justice modalities while presiding in a drug court, a family violence court and in mainstream court lists. Dr King has published extensively in journals in Australia, the USA and Europe on therapeutic jurisprudence, legal practice, judging, solution-focused courts, offender rehabilitation, restorative justice, meditation and natural law thought. He has produced a bench book on solution-focused judging for the Australasian Institute of Judicial Administration and is co-author of the book, Non-Adversarial Justice. In 2011 he was the recipient of LEADR’s Michael Klug Award for his contribution to the peaceful resolution of conflict.
Moa Kindström Dahlin (Sweden) Moa Kindström Dahlin gained her LLM in 2005 at Stockholm University and worked at the administrative court in Stockholm after graduating. She also served as a research assistant at Karolinska Institutet, Department of forensic psychiatry, before she was approved as a doctoral candidate at Stockholm University, Department of Law, in 2007. While writing her thesis in Public law (“Swedish Mental Health Law – Interests, Rights and Principles”, 2014) she has been giving lectures in a number of courses, mostly Jurisprudence and Administrative Law (e.i. at the Department of Law) but she also teaches psychologists, physicians and social workers. Moa arranged the first Swedish conference in Therapeutic Jurisprudence with prof. David Wexler as the main speaker (2009) and was a scholar in residence at University of Puerto Rico (2010). Since 2011, she is one of the responsible teachers for the course “Terapeutisk juridik” which is given as a eligible class at Stockholm university, Law School. In 2009 the article “Swedish legal scholarship concerning protection of vulnerable groups: therapeutic and proactive dimension” was published in IJLP where she was the corresponding author. In 2014 Moa is starting a new project considering physicians as experts in Mental Health Proceedings at Gothenburg University, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science.
Ginger Lerner-Wren (Florida, USA) Judge Ginger Lerner-Wren was elected Broward County Court Judge in 1997. Former, Chief Judge Dale Ross, assigned Judge Lerner-Wren to a Criminal Division, where she is responsible for a regular trial division. At this time, The Broward County Mental Health/Criminal Justice Task force, led by Judge Marc Speiser and Public Defender, Howard Finkelstein, after working for several years, to seek improved strategies to respond to those persons arrested with mentally Illnesses, (Co-Occurring Disorders) and related neurological disorders in Broward’s criminal justice system, elected to create a specialized Mental Health Court and requested Judge Lerner-Wren be assigned to this new Court. The Broward County Mental Health Court, is a sub-division of Judge Lerner-Wren’s Regular Criminal Court. Judge Lerner-Wren was deemed a “perfect fit” for the court due to her expertise and unique legal experience as Broward’s Public Guardian and for her role with Florida’s Advocacy Center to serve as Plaintiff’s Monitor, in the Federal Class Action, Sanbourne v. Chiles, re: South Florida State Hospital, now known as GEO. Judge Lerner-Wren and Broward’s Mental Health Court is America’s First Specialized Court dedicated to the safe diversion and De-criminalization of Persons with Mental Illness. Broward’s Court is a renowned national and global model: (Some Highlights):
- The Broward Court was the Congressional model for the National Mental Health Demonstration Act, signed by President Clinton in 2000,
- The Court was showcased at The White House, presented on CNN, NPR and Good Morning America.
- Judge Wren is a former member of the President’s Commission New Freedom Commission on Mental Health, Appointed by Pres. George W. Bush
- Judge Lerner-Wren was voted “Top Finalist” for 2013 Innovating Justice Awards, by The Hague Institute for the Internationalization of Law, for Successful Innovation.
- Judge Lerner-Wren speaks nationally and internationally and is adjunct Professor for Nova Southeastern University.
- Broward’s Mental Health Court has diverted more than 16,000 persons with mental illness out of Broward’s Jail, saving lives, promoting recovery and saving our County millions.
Antonio Lomba (Washington, D.C. USA) Antonia Lomba is Acting Chief of the Institutional Strengthening and Integral Programs Section, Drug Treatment Court Program Manager, Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, Organization of American States. He has 14 years of experience working with different institutions in the areas of public policy, drug treatment programs, institution development, higher education and capacity building programs. Antonio Lomba has extensive experience in collaborating with international organizations like the European Commission, the Inter-American Development Bank, and currently as staff member of the Organization of the American States, Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD/OAS) as project manager and demand reduction specialist. He has previously worked as Executive Director for International Development for the UNED (Spanish Distance University), and Director for International Affairs at the University of Murcia, Spain. Experienced in Latin American and Caribbean countries, EU member states, and Eastern European countries. Volunteered in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Antonio Lomba holds an M.B.A, and a Bachelor’s degree in Russian and English (University of Murcia and University of Granada, Spain –Moscow Linguistic University).
Muhammad Amir Munir (Lahore, Pakistan) Muhammad Amir Munir, by profession, is a Senior Civil Judge/Magistrate s.30 in Punjab province in Pakistan with fourteen years experience as trial judge. Presently, he teaches at the Punjab Judicial Academy, Lahore as Senior Instructor (www.pja.gov.pk). His responsibilities include designing judicial education programs, website content development, writing reports of training and educational activity at the Academy, research and development, teaching/training, coordination with resource persons and other organizations. In the past, he has also worked at the Federal Judicial Academy, Islamabad (2006-09) and a Fellow at the Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute, Halifax, Canada since 2008. He has done his graduate (LLB) and post graduate (LLM) law degrees from the Punjab University Law College, Lahore. Presently, he is a PhD Law scholar at the International Islamic University, Islamabad with research topic “Judicial Selection and Training in Pakistan: A Critical Discourse”. He is author of book How to Prepare for Law Moots (2006) and a number of research papers, articles and essays on different topics of law, judicial education and therapeutic jurisprudence. He has also participated and presented papers in national and international conferences on different areas of law and judicial education. Mr. Munir has great interest in Therapeutic Jurisprudence since last ten years and is himself a practitioner of TJ in his court. He is seeking continuous guidance on TJ from Professor Dr. David B. Wexler and others. He has authored a number of judgments as a trial court judge in family, criminal, juvenile and civil matters where he has used TJ tools and found the results interesting and beneficial to the litigants. He is keen reader of TJ literature and is also member of TJ Listserv. He has contributed second Guest Column at TJ website while a number of his articles on TJ have been published both online and in print in different national and international journals of repute. He is teaching juvenile law, family law, ADR and civil law where he highlights the importance of TJ and its practical application to the justice system. He is also working on juvenile, probation and family law audit with respect to TJ compatibility.
Sarah Murray (Perth, Australia) Associate Professor Sarah Murray is a less-adversarial justice and constitutional law scholar at the University of Western Australia. Sarah has a background in mental health law and is the author of The Remaking of the Courts- Less Adversarial Practice and the Constitutional Role of the Judiciary in Australia (2014, Federation Press).
Luis Osuna (Mexico) Luis Osuna is a PhD candidate at Deakin University (Australia). He holds a Masters degree in Financial and Tax Law from the Escuela Libre de Derecho de Sinaloa, México (Graduated with Honours and with a recognition of Excellence). He also holds two Advanced Diplomas in Taxes and one in Customs and International Trade. Luis Osuna is a Magistrate’s Clerk at the Federal Court of Fiscal and Administrative Justice in México. He also served for the Servicio de Administración Tributaria (Mexican Taxation Office) as defense attorney (1999), as Head of Department of the legal area in the State of Sonora (2000), and also as Deputy Director of Legal Disputes in the northwest of Mexico (2001-2003). He has also taught Taxation Law, Administrative Law, Tax Planning and Research Methodology for two Universities in Mexico. His research interests include Therapeutic Jurisprudence; Procedural, Distributive, Responsive Regulation; Tax Compliance; Tax Morale; Psychology of emotions; and Trust, legitimacy, norms, and fairness. Luis’ current PhD research aims to demonstrate how a therapeutic approach can be used to limit negative side effects of taxation law and enforcement practices to promote a healthy long-term relationship between tax agencies and taxpayers.
Michael Perlin (New York, USA) Michael L. Perlin is Professor of Law at New York Law School (NYLS), director of NYLS’s Online Mental Disability Law Program, and director of NYLS’s International Mental Disability Law Reform Project in its Justice Action Center. He has written 23 books and over 250 articles on all aspects of mental disability law; his most recent books are International Human Rights and Mental Disability Law: When the Silenced are Heard (Oxford University Press, 2011), Mental Disability and the Death Penalty: The Shame of the States (Rowan & Littlefield Publ., 2013), and A Prescription for Dignity: Rethinking Criminal Justice and Mental Disability Law (Ashgate, 2013). He is formerly the deputy public defender in charge of the Trenton (Mercer County) regional office of the NJ Office of the Public Defender and the Director of the NJ State Division of Mental Health Advocacy. He ran the first conference/symposium at a US law school on therapeutic jurisprudence in 1993 and the first conference/symposium in the world on the relationship between therapeutic jurisprudence and international human rights law in 2002. Recently, in a series of articles and book chapters, he has explored the relationship between therapeutic jurisprudence and such topics as sexuality, guardianship, juvenile punishment, problem-solving courts, the criminalization of mental illness, sex offender laws, the use of neuroimaging in the court process, and pathological altruism.
Carrie Petrucci, Senior Research Associate, EMT Associates, Inc. Carrie Petrucci, MSW, Ph.D. is a Senior Research Associate at an evaluation firm in California, EMT Associates, Inc. She has over 10 years of experience in evaluation research with community based non-profits, courts, probation departments, sheriff’s departments, schools, and federal agencies. Her research centers on working with practitioners to evaluate effectiveness in interdisciplinary criminal justice settings, such as specialized courts, Family Justice Centers, and juvenile justice programs. Her areas of expertise include program development, practice-based evaluation, use of mixed methods, program fidelity, and implementation and measurement of evidence based practices. Dr. Petrucci was introduced to therapeutic jurisprudence during her dissertation research in 1999. She spent a year observing and researching a domestic violence court in which the judge utilized therapeutic jurisprudence. The qualitative research from her dissertation focused on the mutual respect process between the judge and the defendant and was subsequently published in Criminal Law Bulletin in 2002 and in David Wexler and Bruce Winick’s Judging in a Therapeutic Key in 2003. The quantitative results of the domestic violence court from her dissertation were published in 2010 in Victims and Offenders. She has several other journal publications that incorporate therapeutic jurisprudence including a critical analysis of the use of apology published in Behavioral Sciences and the Law in 2002, practicing culturally competent therapeutic jurisprudence published in Washington University Journal of Law and Policy in 2004, an ecological approach to conducting research through a therapeutic jurisprudence lens in the Journal of Law, Medicine, & Ethics in 2005, and a concept mapping study that identified ways that judges practiced therapeutic jurisprudence in Journal of Social Service Research in 2007. She conducted an unpublished video vignette study and factor analysis of judging and presented these results at the 2nd International Conference on Therapeutic Jurisprudence in 2006. She has published several chapters on therapeutic jurisprudence in research texts (David Carson and Ray Bull’s The Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts, 2nd edition, co-authored with Bruce Winick and David Wexler), and in juvenile justice textbooks (Al Roberts’ Social Work in Juvenile and Criminal Justice Settings in 2007, and in David Springer and Al Roberts’ Juvenile Justice and Delinquency in 2011). She has been one of the administrators of the therapeutic jurisprudence list serve since its inception in 2001. In 2003, in collaboration with David Wexler and Bruce Winick, she was a journal guest editor for a special issue on therapeutic jurisprudence for the Western Criminology Review. She has also participated in several conference presentations related to therapeutic jurisprudence. Mainstream Interests: 1) Teaching TJ as an adjunct faculty at any of a number of undergraduate and graduate departments (law, social work, psychology doctorate (Psy.D.) programs being among them); 2) Coordinating interdepartmental clinical legal internships that could potentially include social work, psychology, and law students; 3) Researching/evaluating the use of TJ, developing “fidelity” measures of TJ, and tracking outcomes in whatever setting TJ is practiced.
Magistrate Jelena Popovic (Victoria, Australia) A Victorian Magistrate since 1989, Jelena is a long term advocate of the role of therapeutic jurisprudence in courts of summary jurisdiction. Jelena has been involved in the establishment of practical, court based support programs, specialist courts and other court initiatives to provide appropriate therapeutic interventions and to address factors leading to the behaviour bringing offenders to the attention of the criminal justice system. Jelena primary focus has been the establishment and expansion of CISP (Court Integrated Support Program) which is a multi-disciplinary program designed to address multiple co-morbidities over a four month period. An accused person is triaged, an then assessed by a court officer with expertise in the accused’s primary presenting issue. Treatment and further assessment are then arranged or brokered according to the individual’s needs. The program addresses homelessness, drug and alcohol dependency, Intellectual Disability, Acquired Brain Injury, Mental Health, and Aboriginality. The CISP program is currently examining how it can better address the issues around Family Violence and financial management. Jelena’s current delegations as a Deputy Chief Magistrate are:
- The Co-ordinating Magistrate of the Koori Court
- Portfolio responsibility for: Criminal Justice Diversion Program; Street Sex Worker List; Enforcement Review Program (which deals with mentally impaired fine defaulters) and Court Support Services, including the CREDIT/Bail Program and the Court Integrated Services Program (CISP).
Jelena was awarded a Churchill Fellowship in 2011 to study ‘meaningful’ sentencing of indigent, low level offenders. Her report is available at: http://www.churchilltrust.com.au/media/fellows/2011_Popovic_Jelena.pdf
Virginia Barber Rioja, Ph.D, (New York, USA) Clinical Director, Brooklyn Forensic LINK & Court Mental Health Diversion Program, Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine. Adjunct Professor, New York University Psychology Masters Program. Dr. Virginia Barber Rioja obtained her Ph.D in clinical-forensic psychology from John Jay College of Criminal Justice. She is currently the clinical director of Brooklyn LINK court mental health diversion program, and the former director of Queens TASC mental health diversion program, both programs of the EAC Network. She has also worked providing assessment and treatment to acute forensic patients in the Bellevue Forensic Inpatient Unit. Dr. Barber Rioja has published and presented multiple workshops and panels on the topic of criminal justice diversion and risk assessment. She teaches Psychology of Violence at New York University’s Psychology Masters Program and serves as clinical faculty of the New York University School of Medicine.
Diane Robinson (NSW, Australia) Diane graduated BA LLB (Hons) and LLM (Hons) from the University of Sydney. She was admitted as a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of NSW in 1978. Diane’s professional experience has included legal practice, senior academic positions and appointment to a number of quasi-judicial tribunals. Diane has been the President of the NSW Guardianship Tribunal, the Deputy President of the NSW Mental Health Review Tribunal as well serving as a member of the Social Security Appeals Tribunal, the Medical Tribunal and a range of health professional disciplinary tribunals. At present she is a Principal Member of the NSW Civil and Administrative Tribunal (NCAT) in its Occupational Division and an Adjunct Associate Professor of Law at the University of New South Wales.
Evan Seamone (USA) Evan R. Seamone is an Army major who has served for the past twelve years as an active duty military attorney. He has served in various military capacities ranging from the chief prosecutor for a criminal law division in one of the Army’s busiest jurisdictions to a Foreign Claims Commissioner who traveled to villages through Iraq to adjudicate claims by Iraqi citizens against U.S. forces for negligence. During his tours in Iraq, Germany, and at domestic military installations, Major Seamone participated in complex death penalty and felony criminal cases involving Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as a prosecutor and defense attorney. Evan’s interest in Therapeutic Jurisprudence grew from exposure to various clients whose legal decision-making ability was noticeably impaired by the forensic stress of litigation. Recognizing that there were few guidelines to assist defense attorneys in understanding the limits of their counseling function with distressed clients and even fewer frameworks for competent collaboration with mental health professionals in the representation of such clients, Evan researched the issue and published proposed solutions. This led to a research agenda which soon encompassed the role of religious and spiritual matters in client counseling for attorneys of any (or no) faith denomination based on the fact that many clients preferred clergy counseling over more stigmatizing psychiatric labels. In more recent times, Evan has explored the nature of problem-solving courts that operate under therapeutic justice and examined how Veterans Treatment Court concepts might translate to active duty military courts-martial and military justice, even despite serious differences and between and aims of the two systems (e.g., good order and discipline in the military). After publishing the first article to assist custody evaluators and family court judges in improving their assessment of parents with PTSD, Major Seamone accepted an invitation to edit a special edition of The Family Court Review devoted to the military families and the courts. Along with his co-editor, a professor of clinical psychology, Major Seamone worked with various interdisciplinary authors (including chaplains, psychiatrists, pediatricians, judges, and attorneys) to address a wide range of family law issues currently facing veterans and their families. More globally, Evan has just published an article about the impact of prosecuting or defending sexual offenses and proposed methods for attorneys and paralegals to become aware of their own reactions to underlying traumatic material in these cases and the manner in which Secondary Traumatic Stress can influence their own lives and their relationships with clients or witnesses. In part, this builds on Evan’s earlier work developing practical tools for judges to become aware of subconscious influences on their decision-making.
Annemie Serlippens (Belgium) Substituut Parket Gent -Team Drugs, Persmagistraat. Annemie Serlippens, born in Belgium, studied law at the University of Ghent and graduated, with distinction, in 1994. The last year of her Law Degree, she participated in the Erasmus-project at the University of Thessalonici (Greece). This study was organised in English and French and on European Level. In October 1994, she started as a sollicitor/barristor at the Bar of Ghent, and in January 1995 she became part time assistant (50%) at the University of Ghent, criminal law, in the Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy. In 1997, she passed the nationwide test to be able to startjudiciary training. In that respect, she had a training of eighteen months at theProsecutors Office in Ghent. Besides that, she had the opportunity of having training within all of the judicial actors (police, Special Forces, prison, treatment centres…). In April 1999, she was nominated by the Minister of Justice as a public prosecutor at the office of the public prosecutor of Ghent. From august 1999 until February 2000, she worked as advisor of the Minister of Justice concerning illegal drugs and weapons. From February 2000 on, she is working in the Office of the public prosecutor of Ghent, in the Department of organized crime. She is the magistrate responsible for illegal drugs and author and magistrate responsible for the pilot project ‘Proefzorg’ (diversion). Together with Jorn Dangreau, judge at the court in Ghent, she wrote a project about the problem solving courts for the High Council of Justice as to be able to visit the drug treatment courts in the United States and Canada. They got a grant and went in 2007 to New York, Washington, Vancouver and Toronto to study the drug treatment courts. Once returned in Belgium they tried to adapt the main principles of the DTC in the existing legal system and got the support of the Minister of Justice as to implement a DTC in the court of Ghent in 2008. Annemie Serlippens is responsible prosecutor for the Ghent DTC (pilot project for 2 years). Apart from this, Annemie Serlippens wrote several scientific articles (some of them in the field of drug legislation). She is also teacher in OPAC (Police Training Academy – Drug legislation, Drug policy and responsible teacher for the permanent training ‘Drugs in 3 dimensions’)
Tania Sourdin (Newcastle, Australia) Professor Tania Sourdin is the Dean of the University of Newcastle Law School. She was until 2016 the Foundation Chair and Director of the Australian Centre for Justice Innovation (ACJI) at Monash University in Australia. Professor Sourdin has led national research projects and produced important recommendations for justice reform. In the past decade, she has conducted qualitative and quantitative research projects into alternative dispute resolution systems in 11 Courts and Tribunals and six external dispute resolution schemes. She co chairs an international research collaborative group on judicial innovation under the auspices of the Law and Society Association. Professor Sourdin is a solicitor of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, is the National Broadband Network industry dispute resolution advisor, was previously a part-time judicial Member of the Commonwealth Administrative Appeals Tribunal and completed a term as a senior member with the Consumer Trader and Tenancy Tribunal in NSW. Professor Sourdin is the author of books (including her latest a 5th edition of ‘Alternative Dispute Resolution’ Thomson Reuters, 2016), articles and papers, and has published and presented widely on a range of topics including mediation, conflict resolution, artificial intelligence, technology and organisational change.
Nigel Stobbs (Queensland, Australia) Nigel is a criminal defence barrister turned acadcemic. He conducts applied research, and consults, in sentencing law and policy. He is particularly interested in comparative studies in therapeutic jurisprudence – working out how therapeutic innovations from one jurisdiction can be transferred into another. He is currently working on an international project through the QUT Crime and Justice Research Centre on ways in which criminal justice practitioners continue to work in therapeutic/restorative ways even where formal TJ/RJ programs have not been adopted or have been defunded. He teaches undergraduate and postgraduate courses on therapeutic courts and delivers continuing legal education training for lawyers on advanced sentencing advocacy and ethics.
Pauline Spencer (Victoria, Australia) Magistrate Pauline Spencer sits at Dandenong Magistrates’ Court a busy mainstream court in the outer suburbs of Melbourne dealing with criminal, family violence and civil matters. She was appointed to the bench in 2006. Prior to her appointment she worked as a private lawyer and then with community legal centres as a lawyer, in policy roles and as Executive Officer of the Federation of Community Legal Centres the peak body for over 50 legal centres in Victoria. During her time as a lawyer Pauline assisted people with addictions and wrote and spoke about the need for the justice system to find better ways of dealing with people who were committing offences because of addiction. Since being appointed Magistrate Spencer has developed her interest in therapeutic jurisprudence and in particular its application in mainstream court settings.
Katey Thom (Auckland, New Zealand) Katey is Co-Director of the Centre for Mental Health Research, located in the Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Auckland. She has a PhD in health sciences and Masters in sociology. Katey has a keen interest in socio-legal studies of expert evidence, mental health law and criminal law. Her PhD thesis explored the role of forensic psychiatrists when acting as expert witness in criminal trials, with a specific focus on trials involving the defence of insanity. Katey’s current research has a strong focus on social justice issues in mental health, covering various aspects of mental health law, human rights and therapeutic initiatives within the criminal justice system. She is currently leading a large scale project on the application of therapeutic jurisprudence in New Zealand’s specialist problem-solving courts. Through this project especially, Katey has developed a strong interest in the ‘mainstreaming’ of TJ in Aotearoa New Zealand to ensure the long-term sustainability of TJ principles and practices throughout the criminal justice system. Katey is also keen to consider how non-legal professionals could develop better understandings of TJ to ensure the processes of mainstreaming TJ are effective.
Annette van der Merwe (South Africa) Associate Professor, Department of Procedural Law, Department of Procedural Law. Annette van der Merwe is a professor of procedural law and holds thedegrees B Proc (UP)LLB (Unisa) LLM (UP) Ph D (Rhodes). The title of her thesis was “Aspects of the Sentencing Process in Child Sexual Abuse Cases”. In addition, during 1993 she obtained a diploma in Interpersonal Relationships and Communication from Mensana Institute, Pretoria. After following an initial career of public prosecutor, she was appointed as a full-time senior lecturer in the Department of Mercantile Law at the former University of Vista at the beginning of 1990. In 1996, after having completed an LLM degree in Human Rights and Constitutional Litigation at the University of Pretoria, and having served the required period of pupillage for admission to the bar and subsequently passed the bar examination at the Pretoria Bar, she requested a transfer to the Department of Procedural Law. Since 2004 she has been at the University of Pretoria, in the Department of Procedural Law. After having completed her doctoral thesis during 2005, she was, with effect from 1 January 2006, promoted to the position of associate professor. Over the years she has been involved, (mainly nationally but on two occasions also in Namibia), with practical legal training of prosecutors and magistrates with regard to issues pertaining to the prosecution and adjudication of child sexual abuse cases. She teaches Criminal Procedure, Children in Criminal Justice, Legal Skills, the module dealing with Aspects of Criminal Procedure in the coursework LLM (Child Law), a module on Behavioural Science in the Sentencing Phase in the coursework LLM (Advanced Law of Evidence), as well as two modules, namely Victim Impact Statements and Sentencing, in the LLM (Child Witnesses) at NMMU. Her main areas of interest are general criminal procedure, the use of victim impact statements during sentencing, sentencing guidelines in child sexual abuse cases, rehabilitation of paedophiles, law and psychology and therapeutic jurisprudence.
dr. M.Vols (The Netherlands) Dr. Michel Vols studied Law and Political Philosophy. Currently, he works as an assistant professor at the University of Groningen (The Netherlands). His main fields of research are anti-social behaviour, public order law and tenancy law. He is interested in applying Therapeutic Jurisprudence principles to, for example, the approach of landlords and municipalities towards residents involved in housing related anti-social behaviour. Michel was a visiting scholar at the University of Ghent (Belgium), the University of Bristol (UK), the University of Puerto Rico (USA) and founded the International Research Network on Law and Anti-social behaviour.
John Walker (New Zealand) Judge John Walker has been a District Court Judge and Youth Court Judge in New Zealand for more than 19 years. He is a Youth Court Judge, Civil judge and Jury Trial Judge. He has been involved for most of the last 19 years in the development of court assisted interventions for Alcohol and other Drug dependency including the establishment of the Youth Drug Court in Christchurch and the Adult Drug Courts in Auckland and is currently reviewing the operation of specialist family violence courts. He is engaged in the education of judges through the Institute of Judicial Studies on a number of subjects including the use of the court processes to encourage offender engagement in programmes addressing the underlying causes of offending and is a Faculty member on the Judicial Orientation Programme for newly appointed judges. Judge Walker is currently involved in establishing a better engagement between the court and the community, mainstreaming the Community Justice Centre principles, in an existing court (Porirua District Court) and developing a strategy for its application across courts.
David Wexler (Puerto Rico) David B. Wexler is Professor of Law and Director of the International Network on Therapeutic Jurisprudence at the University of Puerto Rico in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and Distinguished Research Professor of Law Emeritas at the University of Arizona. His books include Rehabilitating Lawyers: Principles of Therapeutic Jurisprudence for Criminal Law Practice (Carolina Academic Press 2008); Judging in a Therapeutic Key: Therapeutic Jurisprudence and the Courts (with Bruce J. Winick) (Carolina Academic Press 2003); Practicing Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Law as a Helping Profession (with Dennis P. Stolle and Bruce J. Winick) (Carolina Academic Press 2000); Law in a Therapeutic Key: Developments in Therapeutic Jurisprudence (with Bruce J. Winick) (Carolina Academic Press 1996); Essays in Therapeutic Jurisprudence (with Bruce J. Winick) (Carolina Academic Press 1991); Therapeutic Jurisprudence: The Law as a Therapeutic Agent (Carolina Academic Press 1990); and Mental Health Law: Major Issues (Plenum Press 1981). Wexler first explicated the therapeutic jurisprudence perspective in a paper written in 1987. He and Professor Bruce Winick of the University of Miami worked together to further develop the area, which is now of interest to practitioners and academics of many disciplines and nations. His latest article, just out in a special Tj issue of the Arizona Summit Law Review proposes a metaphor and method for mainstreaming Tj: the paper “New Wine in New Bottles: The Need to Sketch a Therapeutic Jurisprudence ‘Code’ of Proposed Criminal Processes and Practices” is available on SSRN
Amanda Wilson (NSW, Australia) Amanda Wilson has worked as a consultant Criminologist since 2007 and has taught social science and criminal justice in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and the Faculty of Law at the University of New South Wales since 2008. She has held research positions on various projects at Australian universities and has been employed as a consultant by a number of agencies including NSW Police, the Department of Attorney General and Justice, Legal Aid NSW and Housing NSW. Amanda has authored numerous reports and articles and presented at various international conferences on therapeutic jurisprudence and criminal justice. She is actively engaged with therapeutic jurisprudence, socio-legal, and criminal justice communities. Amanda sits on the Advisory Group for the International TJ in the Mainstream Project and is a member of the Socio-Legal Studies Association, the Law and Society Association (Student Prize Committee Member 2014-2015), the Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand Inc., the Crime and Justice Research Network, the Criminal Justice Cluster in the Faculty of Law at UNSW, and the Australian Drug Law and Reform Initiative. She is also an invited member of the recently launched Spinhuis Centre for research on incarcerated females at VU University Amsterdam.
David Yamada (Boston, USA) David Yamada is a Professor of Law and Director of the New Workplace Institute at Suffolk University Law School in Boston. David is an internationally recognized authority on workplace bullying. He authored the first comprehensive law review article on workplace bullying and U.S. employment law (Georgetown Law Journal, 2000), and his model anti-bullying legislation – dubbed the Healthy Workplace Bill – has become the template for legal reform efforts in America. David also is a leading authority on the legal implications of unpaid internships. He has served in numerous academic leadership positions, including past service as chair of the AALS Section on Labor Relations and Employment Law and the editorial board of the Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal. David is an active member of the TJ community through writings, presentations, and social media, including the hosting of a 2014 symposium at Suffolk, “The Study and Practice of Law in a Therapeutic Key.” David earned his J.D. from New York University School of Law. His blog, Minding the Workplace, is at: https://newworkplace.wordpress.com. His scholarly articles may be accessed at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=506047